The Interactive Advertising Bureau (IAB) and Association of National Advertisers (ANA) have launched a coordinated campaign against Mozilla in retaliation for the browser developer's Firefox patch that block cookies from any site that a user has not visited by default ("third party cookies"). But rather than mounting a campaign that attacks Mozilla directly, IAB/ANA strategy is focused on scaring users by threatening more advertisements.
The rhetoric flowing from IAB and ANA is reminiscent of the 2012 presidential campaign - or the blather we now expect to hear following any given session of either branch of the US Congress; in fact, the sound bites from Computerworld's quotes from ANA's Dan Jaffe and IAB's Randall Rothenberg are all too familiar:
"This is damaging to consumer interest and will undermine the Internet" - ANA
"It will cost jobs, and it will destabilize the ad-supported internet economy" - IAB
"thousands of small businesses that make up the diversity of content and services online will be forced to close their doors" - IAB
"All users, no matter the browser they’re using, will lose access to independent websites produced by small businesses" - IAB
"Without third-party cookies, they [users] will see an increase in the irrelevant spam advertising served to them" - IAB
Let's look at what the fear facts don't reveal.
Debunking scare tactics and reversing spin
Third party cookies do afford users what Rothenberg describes as "robust, personalized experiences" but hardly with the "uncompromised sense of trust" he assures is present. Advertisers do not share information about how they are tracked with users or what parties are obtaining their behavior data, so there is hardly a basis for a user to assert trust or feel uncompromised.
Rothenberg claims that users "enjoy" personalized experiences. Mozilla claims that "users frequently express concerns about web tracking". In Suicide by Cookies, it's "stealing user data that can be monetized directly to ad buyers, or even resold in bulk data transactions via various exchanges." Curiously, Rothenberg quotes a gamer site operator who claims that "30-45% of our readers use an ad blocker". This statistic is surely sufficent to at least suggest that users do not unilaterally trust third parties.
Mozilla's Firefox patch will require that the user "must directly interact with a site or company for a cookie to be installed on their machine". IAB/ANA claim users will see more advertising "spam" as a consequence. IAB/ANA really don't mean "spam" but "advertisements that are not based on prior user web behavior". This seems to be an admission that, like the MPAA and RIAA, online advertisers are more willing to defend a legacy business model than innovate.
Jaffe claims that Mozilla's patch will damage consumer interests. I'll generously assume he means that Mozilla is infringing on a user's right to choose what ads are displayed, but generosity aside, please go read the post or look at the privacy tab, Dan. Mozilla is changing the default and not preventing the user from choosing to see ads for all eternity. Yours is another case where opt-in triumphs over opt-out, with the predictable cry of foul from those whose businesses are based on intrusive rather than invited opportunity.
Evolve or Perish
John Boehner would be hard pressed to produce more dire - or less credible -predictions than the IAB/ANA. Mozilla cookie policies - or browser cookie policies, generally - are hardly all that separates small businesses from bankruptcy. People do and will search for small businesses online. And they will not cease to consider advertising.
Thousands of people in the soon-to-be destabilized ad-supported Internet economy won't lose jobs unless online advertisers choose to follow the course MPAA/RIAA have set. But even a long-time defender of cookie-setting and tracking like George Simpson observes, "I appreciate the economics of this industry, and know that it is imperative to wring every last CPM out of every impression -- but after a while, folks not in our business simply don't care anymore, and will move to kill any kind of tracking that users don't explicitly opt in to."
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